How to cook the perfect turkey



Year after year I am asked for advice about how to cook the perfect turkey, so here is a post that I hope you find useful.



When buying a turkey always choose organic or at the very least outdoor reared. Please please, please avoid frozen, battery farmed turkeys. There always seems to be a mad panic to buy turkeys so make sure you order yours in advance either from a good supermarket, farm shop or butcher. Remember, even if you order in advance there could be queues when picking up your turkey, alternatively your supplier may deliver – which will save you time and lots of patience!

A size guide: Allow 500g of meat on the bone for each person, this will give you enough for a meal with some left over.


  • 3kg serves 6 to 7
  • 4kg serves 8 to 10
  • 5kg serves 10 to 12
  • 6kg serves 12 to 14
  • 7kg serves 14 to 16
  • 8kg serves 16 to 18
  • 9kg serves 18 to 20


Don’t forget: Make sure you have the right size roasting tray for your bird and that it will fit in your oven.


Some people swear by brining their turkey, some don’t, but the truth is, is that turkey is a large bird that requires a lot of cooking – which can make the meat dry. Brining is totally optional but you might want to try it out.

  • 1 turkey without giblets
  • 6 litres of cold water
  • 1 large orange or 2 small ones (quartered)
  • 250 grams of maldon salt (or 125g / ½ cup table salt)
  • 3 tablespoons of black peppercorns
  • 1 bouquet garni
  • 1 handful of dried spices such as cinnamon stick, caraway seeds, cloves etc. don’t get too hung up on this, just what you have in the cupboard
  • 200 grams of sugar
  • 2 onions (unpeeled and quartered)
  • 1 x 6 cm piece of fresh root ginger (unpeeled and cut into 6 slices)
  • 4 tablespoons of maple syrup or runny honey


Combine all the ingredients into a large pot or plastic container squeezing in the oranges. Add the turkey and wrap with cling film leave in a cool place (i.e. fridge or even outside) overnight.




Remove the turkey from the fridge or bring in from outside at least 30 minutes before cooking. If brining, wash and dry the bird, if not, make sure any giblets and packaging are out of the carcass.  To get the best out of your turkey, stuff with citrus fruits, onions, garlic and herbs. These will steam from the inside. Also, combine 500g butter with thyme and prosciutto and carefully stuff under the skin on the breast, this will baste from the outside. Lastly, I like to crisscross streaky bacon on top of the bird – this is a cook’s treat and is lovely to nibble on when it’s delightfully crispy.  



Make a note of the weight of your turkey and the suggested cooking time if you bought your bird online and/or from a butcher. Supermarket turkeys should be clearly labelled to make this easy.


Calculate your cooking time using the weight as a guide.


  • 3kg (6.6lb) – 1¾ hours
  • 4kg(8.8lb) – 2 hours
  • 5kg (11lb) – 2¼ hours
  • 6kg (13.2lb) – 2½ hours
  • 7-8kg (15.5lb – 17.7lb) – 3 hours
  • 9-11kg (19.8lb – 24.2lb) – 3¼ hours


Don’t forget: Your turkey will need to come out of the oven an hour before carving to rest and get firmer for carving.


Turkeys are heavy, so just basting once half way through cooking should suffice.


Roast the turkey for the required time, or until the juices run clear from the thickest part of the thigh if you pierce it with a knife or a skewer. Using a meat thermometer, probe at the thickest part and check that the internal temperature of the turkey is at least 70ºC.



Enjoy your turkey! I would love to hear how your Christmas events went, contact me on


Merry Christmas!